U.S. Military Regs on Bicycle Helmets
Note: the regs below are each service's most recent implementation of the 2013 update of the official military regulations for the DOD traffic
safety program. The dates are old and they may have been updated since we downloaded them, so a web search is
recommended. We do have a 2023 link below to the Army reg.
Department of Defense
April 20, 2009
Incorporating Change 2, January 23, 2013
Page 12 3. PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLES (HSPG NUMBER 14) (6) Prohibit the use of powered and non-powered scooters,
skateboards, roller skates, in-line skates, and other similar equipment not meeting DOT motor vehicle standards for public
roadways on installation roads unless specifically authorized by location in the installation traffic code.
b. Bicycles. Emphasize bicycle safety, including motorized or motor-assisted bicycle safety, in the overall traffic
safety program with particular emphasis on the use of bicycle helmets designed in accordance with part 1203 of title 16,
CFR (Reference (t)).
c. Listening Devices. Prohibit the use of portable headphones, earphones, cellular phones, iPods, or other listening and
entertainment devices (other than hearing aids) while walking, jogging, running, bicycling, skating, or skateboarding on
roadways. Using listening devices impairs recognition of emergency signals, alarms, announcements, approaching vehicles,
human speech, and outside noise in general.
Elsewhere in the regs under motorcycle and ATV operations it says: "Unit commanders may authorize the use of combat
helmets for operating tactical vehicles (e.g., motorcycles and ATVs) during operations and training based on an
operational risk assessment." We don't know if that would apply to bicycles or not.
There are separate Army, Navy Marine and Air Force regs implementing the above policies. Again these may have been
updated since we last checked.
Army Regulation 385-10, 11-11
The Army Safety Program
24 February 2017
11–11. Pedestrian and bicycle safety
a. Pedestrian safety.
Pedestrian safety will be an integral part of each installation traffic safety program. The program
(9) Wearing approved protective headgear while using powered and nonpowered scooters, skateboards, roller skates,
and roller blades.
b. Bicycle safety
(2) Bicycle helmets approved by the Consumer Product Safety Commission will be worn by all personnel, including Family
members, who ride bicycles on Army installations. Previously purchased bicycle helmets certified by the American Society
for Testing and Materials may also be worn but when purchasing a new helmet, riders should look for the Consumer Product
Safety Commission certification. Outside CONUS, riders may wear HN helmets if the helmet meets or exceeds Consumer
Product Safety Commission standards.
(3) For Government-owned three-wheeled bicycles that are operated within operational work areas, commanders may use RM
procedures to determine exceptions to the helmet requirement.
And This 2023 page on the U.S. Army Garrison Hawaii website
is more recent.
OPNAVINST 5100.12H CH-1
25 Jun 08
b. Bicycle safety shall be emphasized in the traffic safety program. Bicycle operators riding on a Navy installation
roadway shall ride with the traffic, in single file, obeying traffic rules while properly wearing brightly colored
reflective clothing between sunset and sunrise and a bicycle helmet approved by the Consumer Product Safety Commission or
Snell Memorial Foundation at all times. All active duty military personnel shall wear an approved bicycle helmet on/off a
Navy installation. Commanders may determine helmet requirements for bicycle operators at industrial work sites.
29 Nov 2011
MARINE CORPS ORDER S100.19F
9. Bicycle and Personal Transportation Safety Requirements. Bicycle and personal transportation safety which includes any
type of motor assisted personal mover such as Segways (excluding motorized wheelchairs or devises being used by handicap
individuals) shall have local written policy. The policy shall be defined at the installation level and emphasized to all
activities as an important part of the DRIVESAFE Program. Policy shall ensure the mandatory use of approved bicycle
helmets and other PPE approved by American National Standards Institute or Snell by all personnel who ride bicycles or
operate personal movers on Marine Corps installations.
10. Requirements for Skaters. Installation commanders should establish specific skating areas for recreational roller
skating, skateboarding and inline skating. Approved helmets are required for all skaters. PPE such as elbow pads,
kneepads and wrist guards are strongly recommended. A retroreflective belt or clothing is required when skating on or
within three (3) feet of any roadway, street, or parking lot.
AIR FORCE INSTRUCTION 91-207
THE US AIR FORCE TRAFFIC SAFETY PROGRAM
3.7.3. All persons who ride a bicycle, tricycle or other human powered vehicle, including motorized bicycles, on an AF
installation roadway, to include flightlines will:
184.108.40.206. Wear a properly fastened, approved (e.g., Consumer Product Safety Commission, American National Standards
Institute, Snell Memorial Foundation or host nation equivalent) bicycle helmet. (T-2). MAJCOMs will be the approving
official on what qualifies as host nation equivalent. (T-2).