Summary: The material below is old, but reliable.
Helmet use Rates Pre- Post- Location Years Program type Program Program Evaluated Victoria, March 1983- Community 6 percent 36 percent Australia March 1990 campaign Comments: Included education, mass media publicity, support by professional associations and community groups, involvement of bicycling groups, and $10 government rebate for helmet purchases. Victoria, March 1990 Helmet 36 percent 73 percent March 1991 legislation introduced Comments: Hospitalizations for bicycle-related head injuries also decreased by 37 per cent, Howard 1990-1991 Helmet 4 percent 47 percent County, legislation, Maryland community campaign Comments: Activity prompted by bicycling deaths of two children. Use determined by observation. A school-based survey showed 11 percent and 37 per cent. Montgomery 1990-1991 Community 8 percent 19 percent County, campaign Maryland Comments: Use determined by observation. Use determined by school-based survey was 8 per cent and 13 per cent Baltimore 1990-1991 No specific 19 percent 4 percent County, helmet promotion Maryland activities Comments: Served as control county. Use determined by observation. Use determined by a school-based survey was 7 percent and 11 percent. Seattle, 1987-1988 Community 5 percent 14 percent Washington campaign Comments: Included education of parents by physicians; advertising in newspapers, on television, and on radio; school presentations; and discount coupons for helmets. Seattle, 1980-1990 Community 14 percent 33 percent Washington campaign Comments: Follow-up evaluation of bicycle helmet campaign. Seattle, 1990-1993 Community 33 percent 60 percent Washington campaign Comments: Follow-up evaluation of bicycle helmet campaign. Bicycle-related head injuries decreased approximately 67 per cent among children 5-14 years of age who were members of a health maintenance organization. Portland, 1987-1988 No specific 1 percent 4 percent Oregon helmet promotion activities Comments: Control community, use determined by observation. Barrie, 1988-1989 Educational 0 percent 0 percent Ontario program Canada Comments: Use determined by a limited number of observations. Barrie, 1980-1989 Educational 0 percent 22 percent Ontario program and Canada helmet subsidy Comments: Use determined by a limited number of observations.Source: